AN INDIGENOUS WOMAN'S MAP OF THE CITY: INDIAN SPACES IN PROGRESSIVE ERA WASHINGTON, D.C.
Most Americans in the Progressive Era believed that Indians were incompatible with cities. But Native people were joining the flood of people moving to urban areas for job opportunities and in response to federal polices. Washington, D.C., the capital city from which federal Indian policy was helmed, became home to a vibrant Indigenous community. This paper traces the networks, maps, and strategies used by that community, especially Native women, to navigate the city and carve out Indigenous spaces for themselves.